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Published Research

Here are links to research articles on Art of Living practices that were published in international peer-reviewed journals

Ananthalakshmi, R., Mahendra, J., Jayamathi, P., Mahendra, L., Kareem, N., Subramaniam, S. (2018).

Effect of Sudarshan Kriya Pranayama on periodontal status and human salivary beta-defensin-2: An interventional study. Dent Res J. 15(5):327-333.

Abstract    Full Text
Walker, J. 3rd, Pacik, D. (2017).

Controlled Rhythmic Yogic Breathing as Complementary Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Veterans: A Case Series. Med Acupunct. 29(4):232-238.

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Ayyildiz, D., and Arga, K.Y. (2017).

Hypothesis: Are There Molecular Signatures of Yoga Practice in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells? OMICS 21, 426-428.

Bhaskar, L., Kharya, C., Deepak, K.K., and Kochupillai, V. (2017).

Assessment of Cardiac Autonomic Tone Following Long Sudarshan Kriya Yoga in Art of Living Practitioners.
J Altern Complement Med., 23(9):705-712.

Chandra, S., Jaiswal, A.K., Singh, R., Jha, D., and Mittal, A.P. (2017a).

Mental Stress: Neurophysiology and Its Regulation by Sudarshan Kriya Yoga.
Int J Yoga 10, 67-72.

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Chandra, S., Sharma, G., Sharma, M., Jha, D., and Mittal, A.P. (2017b).

Workload regulation by Sudarshan Kriya: an EEG and ECG perspective.
Brain Inform 4, 13-25.

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Sharma, A., Barrett, M.S., Cucchiara, A.J., Gooneratne, N.S., and Thase, M.E. (2017).

A Breathing-Based Meditation Intervention for Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Following Inadequate Response to Antidepressants: A Randomized Pilot Study. J Clin Psychiatry 78, e59-e63.

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Toschi-Dias, E., Tobaldini, E., Solbiati, M., Costantino, G., Sanlorenzo, R., Doria, S., Irtelli, F., Mencacci, C., and Montano, N. (2017).

Sudarshan Kriya Yoga improves cardiac autonomic control in patients with anxiety-depression disorders.
J Affect Disord 214, 74-80.

Carter, K.S., Carter, R. 3rd. (2016).

Breath-based meditation: A mechanism to restore the physiological and cognitive reserves for optimal human performance. World J Clin Cases 4(4):99-102.

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Chandra, S., Sharma, G., Mittal, A.P., Jha, D. (2016).

Effect of Sudarshan Kriya (meditation) on gamma, alpha, and theta rhythm during working memory task. Int J Yoga 9(1):72-6.

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Goldstein MR, Lewis GF, Newman R, Brown JM, Bobashev G, Kilpatrick L, Seppälä EM, Fishbein DH, Meleth S. (2016).

Improvements in well-being and vagal tone following a yogic breathing-based life skills workshop in young adults: Two open-trial pilot studies. Int J Yoga 9(1):20-6.

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Dhawan A, Chopra A, Jain R, Yadav D, Vedamurthachar A. (2015).

Effectiveness of yogic breathing intervention on quality of life of opioid dependent users. Int J Yoga 8(2):144-7.

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Mawar N, Katendra T, Bagul R, Bembalkar S, Vedamurthachar A, Tripathy S, Srinivas K, Mandar K, Kumar N, Gupte N, Paranjape RS. (2015).

Sudarshan Kriya yoga improves quality of life in healthy people living with HIV (PLHIV): results from an open label randomized clinical trial. Indian J Med Res. 141(1):90-9.

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Sharma P, Thapliyal A, Chandra T, Singh S, Baduni H, Waheed SM. (2015).

Rhythmic breathing: immunological, biochemical, and physiological effects on health. Adv Mind Body Med. 29(1):18-25.

Doria, S., de Vuono, A., Sanlorenzo, R., Irtelli, F., Mencacci, C. (2015).

Anti-anxiety efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga in general anxiety disorder: A multicomponent, yoga based, breath intervention program for patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder with or without comorbidities. J Affect Disord. 184:310-317.

Abstract    Full Text
Kharya C, Gupta V, Deepak KK, Sagar R, Upadhyav A, Kochupillai V, Anand S. (2014).

Effect of controlled breathing exercises on the psychological status and the cardiac autonomic tone: Sudarshan Kriya and Prana-Yoga. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2014 Jul-Sep;58(3):211-21.

Dhawan, A., Peter, R., and Goel, R. (2014).

Effect of sudarshankriya yoga on cardiac autonomic and pulmonary functions. The FASEB Journal 28, Supplement 881.9

Narnolia, P.K., Binawara, B.K., Kapoor, A., Mehra, M., Gupta, M., Tilwani, K., Maharia, S. (2014).

Effect of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga on Cardiovascular Parameters and Comorbid Anxiety in Patients of Hypertension. Sch. J. App. Med. Sci. 2:3307-3314.

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Jyotsna, V.P., Dhawan, A., Sreenivas, V., Deepak, K.K., Singla, R. (2014).

Completion report: Effect of Comprehensive Yogic Breathing program on type 2 diabetes: A randomized control trial. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 18(4):582-4.

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Seppälä, E.M., Nitschke, J.B., Tudorascu, D.L., Hayes, A., Goldstein, M.R., Nguyen, D.T., Perlman, D., Davidson, R.J. (2014).

Breathing-based meditation decreases posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in U.S. military veterans: a randomized controlled longitudinal study. J Trauma Stress. 27(4):397-405.

Abstract    Full Text
Sureka, P., Govil, S., Dash, D., Dash, C., Kumar, M., Singhal, V. (2014).

Effect of Sudarshan Kriya on male prisoners with non psychotic psychiatric disorders: A randomized control trial. Asian J Psychiatr. 12:43-9.

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Kumar, N., Bhatnagar, S., Velpandian, T., Patnaik, S., Menon, G., Mehta, M., Kashyap, K., Singh, V., Surajpal, (2013).

Randomized Controlled Trial in Advance Stage Breast Cancer Patients for the Effectiveness on Stress Marker and Pain through Sudarshan Kriya and Pranayam. Indian J Palliat Care. 2013 Sep;19(3):180-5.

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Jyotsna,V.P., Ambekarm S., Singla, R., Joshi, A., Dhawan, A., Kumar, N., Deepak, K.K., Sreenivas, V. (2013).

Cardiac autonomic function in patients with diabetes improves with practice of comprehensive yogic breathing program. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 17(3):480-5.

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Carter, J.J., Gerbarg, P.L., Brown, R.P., Ware, R.S., D’Ambrosio, C., Anand, L., Dirlea, M., Vermani, M., and Katzman, M.A. (2013).

Multi-Component Yoga Breath Program for Vietnam Veteran Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat 2:3

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Zope, S.A., and Zope, R.A. (2013).

Sudarshan kriya yoga: Breathing for health. Int J Yoga. 6(1): 4–10.

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Qu, S., Olafsrud, S.M., Meza-Zepeda, L.A., Saatcioglu, F. (2013).

Rapid Gene Expression Changes in Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes upon Practice of a Comprehensive Yoga Program. PLoS One. 8(4):e61910

Ghahremani, D.G., Oh, E.Y., Dean, A.C., Mouzakis, K., Wilson, K.D., London, E.D. (2013).

Effects of the Youth Empowerment Seminar on Impulsive Behavior in Adolescents.
J Adolesc Health. 2013 Apr 16. pii: S1054-139X(13)00105-5.

Warner, A., Wall, K., Birk, H., and Koopman, C. (2012).

Psychological and Spiritual Well-Being of Women with Breast Cancer Participating in the Art of Living Program. In “Psychology of Cancer”, N. L. Hicks and R. E. Warren editors (pp.63-108)- Nova Science Publishers, ISBN: 978-1-62257-364-6.

Katzman, M.A., Vermani, M., Gerbarg, P.L., Brown, R.P., Iorio, C., Davis, M., Cameron, C., Tsirgielis, D. (2012).

A multicomponent yoga-based, breath intervention program as an adjunctive treatment in patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder with or without comorbidities. Int J Yoga 5(1):57-65

Jyotsna, V.P., Joshi, A., Ambekar, S., Kumar, N., Dhawan, A., Sreenivas, V. (2012).

Comprehensive yogic breathing program improves quality of life in patients with diabetes. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 16(3):423-8.

Subramanian, S., Elango, T., Malligarjunan, H., Kochupillai, V., Dayalan, H.. (2012).

Role of sudarshan kriya and pranayam on lipid profile and blood cell parameters during exam stress: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Yoga 5(1):21-27

Gootjes, L., Franken, I.H.A., and Van Strien, J.W. (2011) Cognitive emotion regulation in yogic meditative practitioners - Sustained modulation of electrical brain potentials.

Journal of Psychophysiology 2011; Vol. 25(2):87-94

Abstract    Short Summary

Descilo, T., Vedamurtachar. A., Gerbarg, P. L., Nagaraja, D., Gangadhar, B. N., Damodaran, B., Adelson, B., Braslow, L. H., Marcus, S., Brown, R. P. (2009).

Effects of a yoga breath intervention alone and in combination with an exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in survivors of the 2004 South-East Asia tsunami. Acta Psychiatr Scand., in press.

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Agte, V.S., Chiplonkar, S.A. (2008).

Sudarshan Kriya Yoga for Improving Antioxidant Status and Reducing Anxiety in Adults. Alternative & Complementary Therapies 14, 96-100.


Sharma H, Datta P, Singh A, Sen S, Bhardwaj NK, Kochupillai V, Singh N. (2008)

Gene expression profiling in practitioners of Sudarshan Kriya. J Psychosom Res.
2008 Feb;64(2):213-8

Abstract    Short Summary

Kjellgren, A, Bood, SA, Axelsson, K, Norlander, T, Saatcioglu, F.(2007).

Wellness through a comprehensive Yogic breathing program - A controlled pilot trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 7:43-50

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Sulekha, S., Thennarasu, K., Vedamurthachar, A., Raju, T.R., and Kutty, B.M. (2006)

Evaluation of sleep architecture in practitioners of Sudarshan Kriya yoga and Vipassana meditation. Sleep and Biological Rhytms 4, 207-214.

Sageman, S., and Brown, R. 2006.

Free at Last, in DSM-IV-TR Case Book Volume 2, edited by R.L. Spitzer, M.B. First, J.B.W.Williams, M. Gibbon. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. Washington, DC. 2006. pp.109-121.

 Short Summary

Brazier, A., Mulkins, A., Verhoef, M. (2006)

Evaluating a yogic breathing and meditation intervention for individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Am J Health Promot. 20, 192-195.

Abstract    Short Summary

Vedamurthachar, A., Janakiramaiah, N., Hegde, J.M., Shetty, T.K., Subbakrishna, D.K., Sureshbabu, S.V., Gangadhar, B.N. (2006)

Antidepressant efficacy and hormonal effects of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in alcohol dependent individuals. J Affect Disord. 94, 249-253.

Abstract    Short Summary

Kochupillai, V., Kumar, P., Singh, D., Aggarwal, D., Bhardwaj, N., Bhutani, M., DAS, S.N. (2005)

Effect of rhythmic breathing (sudarshan kriya and pranayam) on immune functions and tobacco addiction. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1056:242-52.

Abstract    Short Summary

Gerbarg, P.L., and Brown, R.P. (Oct. 2005).

Yoga: A breath of relief for Hurricane Katrina refugees. Current Psychiatry 4, 55-67.

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Sharma, H., Sen, S., Singh, N.K. Bhardwaj, V. Kochupillai, N. Singh (2003).

Sudarshan Kriya practitioners exhibit better antioxidant status and lower blood lactate levels. Biological Psychology 63:281-291.

Abstract    Short Summary

Bhatia, M., Kumar, A., Kumar, N., Pandey, R.M., and Kochupillai, V. (2003).

Electrophysiologic evaluation of Sudarshan Kriya: an EEG, BAER, and P300 study. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 47, 157-163.

Abstract    Short Summary

Janakiramaiah, N., Gangadhar, BN., Naga Venkatesha Murthy, P.J., Harish, M.G., Subbakrishna D.K., Vedamurthachar A. (2000).

Antidepressant efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in melancholia: a randomized comparison with Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and Imipramine. Journal of Affective Disorders. 57(1-3):255-9.

Abstract    Short Summary

Naga Venkatesha Murthy, P.J., Gangadhar, B.N., Janakiramaiah, N., Subbakrishna, D.K. (1997).

Normalization of P300 Amplitude following Treatment in Dysthymia.
Biological Psychiatry, 42, 740-743.

Abstract    Short Summary
Naga Venkatesha Murthy, P.J., Gangadhar, B.N., Janakiramaiah, N., Subbakrishna, D.K. (1997).

Normalization of P300 Amplitude following Treatment in Dysthymia.
Biological Psychiatry, 42, 740-743.